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Physical and chemical changes during the maturation of Gordal sevillana olives (Olea europaea L., cv. Gordal sevillana).

The aim of this study was to increase the understanding of the maturation process of Gordal Sevillana olives, to optimise harvest timing, and to determine the most appropriate harvesting and post-harvesting processing methods.

Year of Publication2010

A series of physical and chemical changes occur as olives mature on the tree, and these changes are important for the production of oil and table olives. The aim of this study was to increase the understanding of the maturation process of Gordal Sevillana olives, to optimize harvest timing, and to determine the most appropriate harvesting and post-harvesting processing methods. During maturation, the olive size, flesh/pit ratio, and oil content increased, with a maximum oil content of 72 g kg−1 (wet weight). Changes in the fatty acid composition are reported. Levels of both total sugars and total phenolic compounds slightly decreased over the maturation period; however, we observed that these compounds were continually being synthesized until full black maturity. The optimal harvest time for the production of Gordal Sevillana as Spanish-style green olives occurred immediately prior to the color change from green to turning color, at which point the sugar levels and flesh/pit ratio were at maximum levels.

Citation

Menz, G.; Vriesekoop, F. (2010) "Physical and chemical changes during the maturation of Gordal sevillana olives (Olea europaea L., cv. Gordal sevillana)."Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 58 (8) pp 4934-4938

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Additional keywords/tags

olea europaea lolivematurationcv gordal sevillanaharvest timing
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Supporting the development of the national rural economy.

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