Full Utilization of the Poultry Carcase - A Review of Current Legislation

The legislation pertaining to full utilization of the poultry carcase was reviewed in the context of the use of the carcase for food, or as edible co-products or animal by-products.

Year of Publication2006

The poultry industry is described in terms of full utilisation of the carcase, and all materials arising were described and defined. The legislation pertaining to this subject area was reviewed in the context of the use of the carcase for food, or as edible co-products or animal by-products. The relevant conjoining legislation, such as the TSE and environmental regulations were also reviewed.Of the four main legislative strands the following conclusions were drawn: Food and Edible-co-products: This is relatively new, so no real legislative changes are expected or are to be considered to be necessary to attain full utilisation of the poultry carcase. Animal By-products Regulation: This was new in 2002, but the regulation is being reviewed currently and no significant changes are expected that would impact upon the “zero waste” project other than to remove the word “waste” wherever possible. Options for “disposal” other than by rendering into protein meals will continue to be approved. Nonetheless, recovery of the market for feeds would make these processes uneconomic for materials (Category 3) that could be used for animal feeds.It is recommended that an interactive brief is assumed The TSE Regulations: Although the poultry industry is not implicated with TSE’s ( BSE or scrapie ), the TSER is vital because it will be the actual vehicle for re-entry of certain products back into the food chain via animal feeds. This is an active area that industry can be involved with to promote a range of control tools and practices that can push forward the re-entry of poultry products into the food chain. Most importantly, the research on species identification methods for processed protein can benefit by more industry input. Further discussions on the issue of “zero tolerance” are also required (technically and politically) to ensure a practical and pragmatic set of controls. Poultry blood PAP is also approved for use in diets for aqua species, and therefore could be marketed if such a product existed. Also currently approved is “Hydrolysed Protein” which could apply to hydrolysed feather meal if agreement between the Commission and member states could be reached. An active involvement in assisting with the SAFEED project, debating zero tolerance and a technical input into the hydrolysed protein debate is recommended. Environment: The key topic here is the Waste Framework Directive (WFD), currently under review and discussion within the European Commission and the Parliament. Confirmation that animal by-products and processed materials are NOT Waste is a vital expectation of this process. An active involvement is recommended to influence the Commission and the Parliament that either animal by-products are NOT waste in the first instance or that animal by-product processing is a recovery operation and thereafter only “products” are produced.

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