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Effects of the nematicide 1,3-dichloropropene on weed populations and stem canker disease severity in potatoes.

Studies to evaluate the potential of soil fumigant 1,3-dichloropropene for the control of weeds in potatoes.

Year of Publication2010

The soil fumigant 1,3-dichloropropene (1,3-D) has been used in the UK for the control of potato cyst nematodes (PCN), Globodera pallida (Stone) and Globodera rostochiensis (Wollenweber), but its potential herbicidal activity has not been extensively investigated in this country. Field and glasshouse studies were therefore conducted to evaluate the potential of 1,3-D for the control of weeds in potatoes, and observations were made on the severity of potato stem canker, caused by the fungus Rhizoctonia solani Kühn [teleomorph: Thanatephorus cucumeris (Frank) Donk]. Autumn application of 1,3-D at 211.5 L active substance (a.s.) ha−1 significantly suppressed the number of germinating weeds and the percentage of weed ground cover by 83% and 79%, respectively, relative to controls. There were also species-specific significant decreases (field pansy, Viola arvensis, in particular) in the number of weed seeds germinating in field soil in the glasshouse post-1,3-D treatment. The effect of 1,3-D declined in time and single (autumn or spring) or combined application produced a slight, but not significant, reduction in the number of weeds germinated on potato ridges relative to those recorded in untreated soil. The severity of stemcanker on potato plants was not significantly reduced by 1,3-D but both mean number and weight of stems per plant were significantly increased compared with plants from untreated plots. These studies demonstrated that 1,3-D, in addition to giving PCN control, has efficacy against weeds; implications are the potential for reduced herbicide input in the crop rotation with accompanying economic and environmental benefits.

Citation

Haydock, P. P. J.; Deliopoulos, T.; Evans, K.; Minnis, S. T. (2010) "Effects of the nematicide 1,3-dichloropropene on weed populations and stem canker disease severity in potatoes."Crop Protection 29 (10) pp 1084-1090

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Additional keywords/tags

soil fumigationweedsrhizoctonia solani1 3 dichloropropenepotato
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