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Control of potato cyst nematodes and economic benefits of application of 1,3-dichloropropene and granular nematicides

A study which shows that an integrated approach to nematode control on heavily infested sites can greatly reduce populations and yield losses.

Year of Publication2004

The two species of the potato cyst nematodes (PCN) Globodera pallida and G rostochiensis are the most problematic pests of the potato crop in the UK. There are no commercially available cultivars with full resistance to G. pallida and both crop rotation and granular nematicides are less effective at controlling this species than G. rostochiensis. In situations of very high PCN levels it may be possible to reduce populations and yield losses by using an autumn application of the soil fumigant 1,3-dichloropropene (1,3-D) followed by a spring application of a granular nematicide. Two field experiments were done to look at the integration of methods for the control of PCN. The Common Field experiment (G. rostochiensis infested) compared the use of 1,3-D with the granular nematicides aldicarb, oxamyl and fosthiazate when growing the susceptible cv. Estima. The Four Gates experiment (infested with both PCN species but mainly G rostochiensis) compared the performance of cv. Santé (partially resistant to G. pallida, fully resistant to G. rostochiensis) with that of the susceptible cv. Estima when treated with 1,3-D and oxamyl at full and half-rates. The results of the experiments show that an integrated approach to nematode control on heavily infested sites, including granular and fumigant nematicides and cultivar resistance, can lead to significant decreases in nematode population densities and reduce yield losses. An economic evaluation of the experiments modelled the gross margins from the different nematicide treatments. In Common Field, the highest gross margins were achieved with the combined use of fumigant and granular nematicides. In Four Gates, there was a clear economic benefit for both cultivars from the use of 1,3-D. In this experiment, oxamyl was of economic value to Estima but not to Sante and full-rate oxamyl was of more benefit than half-rate to Estima.

Citation

Minnis, S; Haydock, P P J; Evans, K (2004) "Control of potato cyst nematodes and economic benefits of application of 1,3-dichloropropene and granular nematicides"Annals of Applied biology 145 (2) pp 145-156

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Supporting the development of the national rural economy.

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