Genetic Reduction of Energy use and Emissions of Nitrogen through cereal production: GREEN grain

Project Report No. 468 on improving the value of UK wheat for ethanol production and non-ruminant feeding, and to reduce costs of growing wheat for these and other markets by enabling development of high-energy varieties with reduced input requirements, especially of fertiliser N.

Year of Publication2010

This project initiated the development of a new wheat type for the UK – one with high energy grain, suited to alcohol production and livestock feeding, and with low nitrogen fertiliser requirements hence low environmental impacts. Primary beneficiaries of this ‘GREEN grain’ are predicted to be wheat growers through reduced costs of crop nutrition, but alcohol processors would also benefit, and emissions of nitrate, ammonia and nitrous oxide would reduce markedly. Wheat seed performance was also improved, but expected benefits for the livestock industry remain to be proven.

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