Landbased sector and industries - definition and scope

The sector, referred to as landbased or land-based or land based, comprises a wide variety of industrial and occupational activities.  In its simplest and traditional sense the land-based industries are assumed to refer to farming and forestry with an emphasis on agriculture and horticulture for primary food production.

In considering land-based skills, Lantra, the sector skills council for the environmental and land-based sector, identifies the following occupational areas:

  • Agricultural livestock & crops
  • Animal care
  • Animal technology
  • Aquaculture
  • Environmental conservation
  • Equine
  • Farriery
  • Fencing
  • Floristry
  • Forestry and timber processing
  • Game conservation
  • Land-based engineering
  • Landscaping
  • Productive horticulture
  • Veterinary nursing

The UK Standard Industrial Classification (UK SIC) does not identify 'land-based' as a distinct category but recognises a section for Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry with Groups for:

  • Growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture
  • Farming of animals
  • Growing of crops combined with farming of animals (mixed farming)
  • Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities
  • Hunting, trapping and game propagation including related service activities
  • Forestry, logging and related service activities

To address its knowledge transfer and knowledge exchange objectives, the OpenFields library draws on the science, technology and research base for farming, food, environment and energy together with information relating to other rural business activity (e.g. tourism and recreation) and on generic subjects as applied to land-based or rural businesses (e.g. information technology).

The scope of the OpenFields library therefore encompasses the following topics as being of relevance to the land-based sector:

  • Arable & industrial crops
  • Livestock & dairy production (including animal health & welfare, veterinary practice and fish farming)
  • Business  and management
  • Social & community enterprise   
  • Information technologies   
  • Environmental impacts (including wildlife & biodiversity and landscape)
  • Equine 
  • Equipment  (agricultural and related)
  • Food & drink (including aspects of manufacture, processing  and the supply chain)
  • Horticulture 
  • Land-based crafts  (ranging from heritage and conservation crafts to bee-keeping)
  • Renewable energy 
  • Rural policy & economic development 
  • Tourism & recreation (including outdoor recreation and field sports, hunting & fishing)
  • Training & skills   
  • Trees & timber