Scope of the online library

The OpenFields content has now been migrated to its successor website, Food and Farming Futures

Livestock and dairy

Resources about animal husbandry, covering animal science, stockbreeding, dairy production, and the domestication, breeding and raising of livestock.

  • Grassland management for livestock - species mix, sward management, grazing systems
    • Management, production and utilisation of grass for livestock. This covers species mix, sward management, and grazing systems, but excludes the production of silage or hay for use as a winter fodder.
  • Forage crops and other livestock feed - hay, silage management, wholecrop
    • Production and utilisation of forage crops. This includes, hay, silage, wholecrop and other livestock feeds, and also silage management.
  • Beef production - cattle breeding, management, nutrition, health and welfare, manure management. Beef production practices, including:
    • Beef cattle management
      • Out-wintering
      • Herd planning
      • Carcase
    • Beef cattle breeding
      • Beef cattle breeds
      • Bull health and fertility
    • Beef cattle nutrition
      • Grazing management
      • Conservation grazing
    • Beef cattle health and welfare
      • Worm control
      • Lameness
      • Bovine TB
      • Campylobacter
      • Mineral deficiency
      • Scour
      • Bluetongue
    • Beef cattle production waste and environmental management
      • Manure management
  • Dairy production - dairy cattle breeding, nutrition, health and welfare, effluent and manure management, housing and parlour management, energy from waste. Dairy cattle production practices, including:
    • Dairy cattle management and milk production
      • housing and parlour management
      • efficiency of milk production
      • calving pattern
      • intake of colostrum
      • weaning management
      • dry cows
      • cattle longevity
      • milk production technology
    • Dairy cattle breeding
      • dairy cattle breeds
      • fertility, genetics, heifer rearing
    • Dairy cattle nutrition
      • nutrient budgeting
      • forages
      • concentrates
      • buffer feeding
      • alternative forages
    • Dairy cattle health and welfare
      • disease management
      • mastitis
      • lameness
      • foot and mouth disease
      • bluetongue
      • bovine TB
    • Dairy waste and environmental management
      • nutrient management
      • manure management
      • effluent and dirty water management
      • emissions inventory
  • Pig production - breeding, management, housing, nutrition, health and welfare, effluent and manure management, energy from waste. Pig production practices, including:
    • Pig management
      • outdoor and indoor housing
      • pig feed and straw management
      • farrowing
      • weaning
    • Boar, sow and gilt management
      • pig breeding
      • pig breeds
      • artificial insemination
    • Pig health and welfare
      • piglet survival
      • coccidiosis
      • porcine respiratory disease
      • swine fever
      • swine dysentery
      • enzootic pneumonia
      • papular dermatitis
      • worming
    • Pig production waste and environmental management
      • effluent, manure and slurry management
      • biodigestion
      • composting
      • biogas
  • Poultry and Egg Production - types, breeds, housing, management, nutrition, health and welfare, production waste. Poultry and egg production including:
    • Poultry management
      • housing
      • litter management
      • poultry housing regulations
      • chickens, layers, pullets
      • turkeys, ducks, geese, and guinea fowl
    • Poultry breeding
      • poultry breeds
    • Poultry nutrition
      • poultry rations
      • grit
      • synthetic vitamins
      • organic feedstuffs
    • Poultry health and welfare
      • Newcastle disease
      • avian influenza (bird flu)
      • salmonella
      • campylobacter
      • fowl cholera
      • parasitic infections
    • Poultry production waste and environmental management
      • ammonia management
      • nutrients from manure
      • litter and slurry
      • effluent discharges
      • environmental regulation
  • Sheep production - breeding, management, health and welfare, dipping and other wastes. Sheep production practices, including:
    • Sheep management
      • off-wintering systems
      • shepherding techniques
      • sheep dipping
      • tagging
      • wool production  
    • Sheep breeding
      • sheep breeds
    • Sheep nutrition
    • Sheep health and welfare
      • anthelmintic resistance
      • worm management
      • scald and footrot
      • sheep scab
      • ectoparasite problems
      • tail docking
      • lamb castration
      • lamb mortality
    • Sheep production waste and environmental management
      • dipping
      • organophosphates
  • Minority species as livestock -  deer, camelids, buffalo, ostrich, ducks, geese. Some livestock farmers have diversified recently into the rearing of species not indigenous to the UK, including Asian water buffalo, North American bison, ostrich and camelids, or rearing species indigenous in historic times, such as wild boar and deer. Resources on raising minority species as livestock, including:
    • Wild boar
    • Llamas and alpacas
    • Deer
    • Buffalo
    • Ostrich 
  • Animal health and welfare - disease prevention and management, biosecurity, transportation, slaughter. Resources on animal health and welfare including:
    • Animal disease
      • biosecurity
      • veterinary surveillance
      • avian influenza (Bird flu)
      • bluetongue
      • BSE
      • equine infectious anaemia
      • foot and mouth disease
      • rabies
      • scrapie
      • swine influenza
      • tuberculosis
    • Animal welfare
      • Animal Welfare Act
      • on-farm animal welfare
      • welfare at transport
      • welfare at markets
      • welfare at slaughter
    • Livestock movements, identification and tracing
      • movement of livestock
      • livestock identification
      • livestock registration
      • tracing
      • electronic identification (EID) of sheep
    • Animal by-products and disposal
      • disposal of animal by-products
      • disposal of animal carcases or parts of carcases
      • disposal of products of animal origin not intended for human consumption
    • International animal trade
      • animal imports
      • animal exports
      • animal product imports
      • animal product exports
  • Veterinary practice - working practices, veterinary nursing, disease management and prevention. Resources on veterinary practice including:
    • Veterinary procedures
      • castration
      • sterilization
      • dehorning
      • hoof paring
      • tattooing
      • microchipping
      • clipping piglet teeth
      • clipping boar tusks
      • cutting piglet tails
      • fitting bull nose rings
      • ringing boar snouts
      • clipping chicken beaks
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About this National Initiative

The OpenFields Library is a free online library containing items of interest to practitioners and researchers in the agricultural and landbased industries. It is now a component part of Food and Farming Futures.